Viewing tony_lavelle's Tudor Detached on Rushmore Hill, Pratts Bottom, Orpington
Good Friday Agreement
A broad cross section of political groups in Northern Ireland, and the Irish and British governments sign an agreement which voted that no change should be made to the status of Northern Ireland except by majority consent. The Northern Ireland Executive is created.
A Labour landslide results in Tony Blair taking over from John Major as PM.
Accession of Edward VII
Four years after her diamond jubilee, Queen Victoria dies. Her death is an occasion of national mourning.
Second Boer War
After receiving military equipment from German, the Boers re-armed and fought on the borders of the Cape Colony and Natal. The British army immediately sent reinforcements. The severity of the British actions (including the use of concentration camps in which inmates were subjected to cruel work regimes and fatal diseases spread) in South Africa was strongly opposed by liberal politicians as the extreme of imperialism. The war ended in 1902 with the Treaty of Vereeiging, the two independent republics were lost and absorbed into the British Empire.
Artisans and Labourers Dwellings Improvement Act
Law past for the reconstruction of insanitary areas. Areas which are unfit for habitation must be destroyed and rebuilt.
Until 1922 In 1874 the Grange was bought by tycoon John Pelly Atkins of Halstead Place. It passed to T F Burnaby Atkins and John Burnaby Atkins and was sold on the second attempt to the then tenant Harry Hammock in 1922.
Return of Owners Act
Known as the New Doomesday, this survey revealed that less than 7,000 men own four fifths of the land in Britain.
This act increases the control of the sewer authorities to dispose of waste and is passed simultaneously with the Artizans and Labourers Dwelling Act, which compelled owners to get rid of unsanitary dwellings. This is the first legislation to tackle the growing problem of slums.
Robert and Eliza Watson Until 1873 Watson, a Scot, bought the house and farm from Young's mortgagor but did not work the farm. The cenuses of 1861 and 1872 list him as a manager of a linen factory or warehouse. The old farmhouse was extended and became known as Chelsfield Grange. A Gothic-style stables/coach-house replaced the old barn.
Corn Laws Repealed
The long standing campaign of the Anti-Corn-Law League, manufacturers who wanted to sell goods overseas as well as in Britain, end when Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel repeals the Corn Laws.
Irish Potato Famine
As a result of British economic interference, the “blight” potato fungus, and destructive farming methods, there is widespread famine in Ireland resulting in 500,000 deaths and mass emigration.
William and Hannah Young Until 1855 We know a lot about the Youngs and their farm from the 1838 Tithe Map and censuses of 1841 and 1851. The farm was mortgaged in 1835. William died in 1846. He and his wife are buried in Chelsfield churchyard.
The Battle of Trafalgar
Horatio nelson dies from a snipers bullet in battle against Napoleon.
Act of Union
This Act merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain into The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
Boston Tea Party
American colonists protest against taxation from Great Britain, helping spark the American Revolution.
Until 1809 Abraham Dalton, 7th son of Abraham and Susanna, died in 1807. He and his wife Mary are buried in Eynsford churchyard.
Various tenants starting with relative Thomas Know, parish clerk of Chelsfield to "pauper" George Small who committed suicde in 1807. The 1798 parish survey lists crops grown by George Small.
War of Jenkin’s Ear
British Prime Minister Robert Walpole declares war on Spain as the result of a dispute over trade.
Gibraltar and Blenheim
British troops under Sir George Rooke capture Gibraltar. In the war of the Spanish Succession; Battle of Blenheim, British Troops under John Churchill, the Earl of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Savoy defeat a Franco Bavarian army after they advance on Vienna.
The English Act of Settlement
An Act of Settlement is set by Parliament which requires the monarch to be Protestant, governing the line of succession to the British throne and the other Commonwealth Realms. This stamps out the possibility of a Catholic king and monarchical absolution.
Supporters of James from Catholic Ireland and the highlands of Scotland, rise against the joint accession of Mary II and her husband William of Orange. This is followed by another rising in 1745.
The Glorious Revolution
In the last successful invasion of England, James II of England is forcibly deposed due to a conspiracy between some parliamentarians and the Dutch Stradtholder William III of Orange-Nassau. The King’s Catholicism had isolated him from both parties in Parliament.
The English Civil War
Political dissent between the King and English Parliamentarians results in a series of armed conflicts, culminating in a Parliamentary victory at the Battle of Worcester in September 1651. King Charles I is subsequently excuted.
The Bishops Wars
Charles I of England and Scotland had been trying to bring the Presbytarian church of Scotland under his control, and in 1637 his new prayer book causes riots. The Scottish backlash and subsequent invasion resulted in the Treaty of Ripon. Charles I confirmed the right of Parliament to challenge his ministers.
Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England
A year after her accession, Elizabeth passes the Act of Supremacy, stating the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Monarch. Her reign sees the flourishing of an “English Renaissance”, a cultural movement during the Elizabethan period which saw the flowering of English music and developments in drama (Shakespeare) and poetry (Milton).
Queen Mary is Crowned
The Penultimate Tudor Monarch attempts to restore Catholicism. She is remembered as Bloody Mary due to the execution of 300 Protestant Dissenters during her rule. English colonists settle in Ireland, seizing land from the natives, known as the plantations of Ireland.