House History Timeline

Viewing tony_lavelle's Tudor Detached on Rushmore Hill, Pratts Bottom, Orpington



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Good Friday Agreement

A broad cross section of political groups in Northern Ireland, and the Irish and British governments sign an agreement which voted that no change should be made to the status of Northern Ireland except by majority consent. The Northern Ireland Executive is created.


New Labour

A Labour landslide results in Tony Blair taking over from John Major as PM.


Accession of Edward VII

Four years after her diamond jubilee, Queen Victoria dies. Her death is an occasion of national mourning.



Photo of your local area from 1900
Postccard of The Grange, "Chelsfield Valley" by George Osgood, local property developer, postmaster and owner of the carriage works at Pratts Bottom


Second Boer War

After receiving military equipment from German, the Boers re-armed and fought on the borders of the Cape Colony and Natal. The British army immediately sent reinforcements. The severity of the British actions (including the use of concentration camps in which inmates were subjected to cruel work regimes and fatal diseases spread) in South Africa was strongly opposed by liberal politicians as the extreme of imperialism. The war ended in 1902 with the Treaty of Vereeiging, the two independent republics were lost and absorbed into the British Empire.



Until 1884 Tenant William Gayfer ran the Grange Grammar School. The 1881 census lists 45 persons at the address including 35 boys from as far as France, Spain and Switzerland.


Artisans and Labourers Dwellings Improvement Act

Law past for the reconstruction of insanitary areas. Areas which are unfit for habitation must be destroyed and rebuilt.



Map from 1874
Map from deeds when sold to Halstead Place Estate (John Pelly Atkins). Much of the 15 acres was orchards.


Until 1922 In 1874 the Grange was bought by tycoon John Pelly Atkins of Halstead Place. It passed to T F Burnaby Atkins and John Burnaby Atkins and was sold on the second attempt to the then tenant Harry Hammock in 1922.


Return of Owners Act

Known as the New Doomesday, this survey revealed that less than 7,000 men own four fifths of the land in Britain.


Sanitary Act

This act increases the control of the sewer authorities to dispose of waste and is passed simultaneously with the Artizans and Labourers Dwelling Act, which compelled owners to get rid of unsanitary dwellings. This is the first legislation to tackle the growing problem of slums.



Robert and Eliza Watson Until 1873 Watson, a Scot, bought the house and farm from Young's mortgagor but did not work the farm. The cenuses of 1861 and 1872 list him as a manager of a linen factory or warehouse. The old farmhouse was extended and became known as Chelsfield Grange. A Gothic-style stables/coach-house replaced the old barn.


Corn Laws Repealed

The long standing campaign of the Anti-Corn-Law League, manufacturers who wanted to sell goods overseas as well as in Britain, end when Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel repeals the Corn Laws.


Irish Potato Famine

As a result of British economic interference, the “blight” potato fungus, and destructive farming methods, there is widespread famine in Ireland resulting in 500,000 deaths and mass emigration.



William and Hannah Young Until 1855 We know a lot about the Youngs and their farm from the 1838 Tithe Map and censuses of 1841 and 1851. The farm was mortgaged in 1835. William died in 1846. He and his wife are buried in Chelsfield churchyard.


The Battle of Trafalgar

Horatio nelson dies from a snipers bullet in battle against Napoleon.


Act of Union

This Act merged the Kingdom of Ireland and the Kingdom of Great Britain into The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.


Boston Tea Party

American colonists protest against taxation from Great Britain, helping spark the American Revolution.



Until 1809 Abraham Dalton, 7th son of Abraham and Susanna, died in 1807. He and his wife Mary are buried in Eynsford churchyard.

Various tenants starting with relative Thomas Know, parish clerk of Chelsfield to "pauper" George Small who committed suicde in 1807. The 1798 parish survey lists crops grown by George Small.



Until 1767 Susanna, wife of Abraham Dalton, inherited "Chalky Croft" (The Grange) from her mother Elizabeth Lane. She is buried in Eynsford churchyard.


War of Jenkin’s Ear

British Prime Minister Robert Walpole declares war on Spain as the result of a dispute over trade.



Thomas Know, parish clerk of Chelsfield. Until 1743 House owned by Elizabeth Lane of Crockenhill, daughter of James and Jane Pratt.


Gibraltar and Blenheim

British troops under Sir George Rooke capture Gibraltar. In the war of the Spanish Succession; Battle of Blenheim, British Troops under John Churchill, the Earl of Marlborough and Prince Eugene of Savoy defeat a Franco Bavarian army after they advance on Vienna.


The English Act of Settlement

An Act of Settlement is set by Parliament which requires the monarch to be Protestant, governing the line of succession to the British throne and the other Commonwealth Realms. This stamps out the possibility of a Catholic king and monarchical absolution.



Until 1706 James Pratt inherits first "moiety" on intestate death of father James sometime from 1691-1694. 9 acres were sold to Thomas Holt of the Bulls Head (neighbouring Goss farm).


Jacobite Rising

Supporters of James from Catholic Ireland and the highlands of Scotland, rise against the joint accession of Mary II and her husband William of Orange. This is followed by another rising in 1745.


The Glorious Revolution

In the last successful invasion of England, James II of England is forcibly deposed due to a conspiracy between some parliamentarians and the Dutch Stradtholder William III of Orange-Nassau. The King’s Catholicism had isolated him from both parties in Parliament.



James Pratt Until 1691 (Occupier)


The English Civil War

Political dissent between the King and English Parliamentarians results in a series of armed conflicts, culminating in a Parliamentary victory at the Battle of Worcester in September 1651. King Charles I is subsequently excuted.


The Bishops Wars

Charles I of England and Scotland had been trying to bring the Presbytarian church of Scotland under his control, and in 1637 his new prayer book causes riots. The Scottish backlash and subsequent invasion resulted in the Treaty of Ripon. Charles I confirmed the right of Parliament to challenge his ministers.



George Pratt Until 1649 In 1625 a burglar, also called George Pratt, stole 2 cheese worth ten pence. He was whipped.



John Pratt Until 1620 Occupier and son-in-law of owner Richard Fletcher who died in 1575. Three cases of livestock theft (cows and sheep) were recorded from 1562 to 1591.


Elizabeth I is crowned Queen of England

A year after her accession, Elizabeth passes the Act of Supremacy, stating the Ecclesiastical Authority of the Monarch. Her reign sees the flourishing of an “English Renaissance”, a cultural movement during the Elizabethan period which saw the flowering of English music and developments in drama (Shakespeare) and poetry (Milton).


Queen Mary is Crowned

The Penultimate Tudor Monarch attempts to restore Catholicism. She is remembered as Bloody Mary due to the execution of 300 Protestant Dissenters during her rule. English colonists settle in Ireland, seizing land from the natives, known as the plantations of Ireland.

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