Viewing james804's Victorian Detached on Church Lane, Stibbington
Stibbington appeared in the Domesday Book.
House listed as grade 2 after my request. I did this as when I bought the property, I became aware that other potential buyers saw redevelopment potential for the site. This alarmed me as the house, which I felt had historical value, was neither listed nor was it in a conservation area, so its future could, in time, be at risk.
Good Friday Agreement
A broad cross section of political groups in Northern Ireland, and the Irish and British governments sign an agreement which voted that no change should be made to the status of Northern Ireland except by majority consent. The Northern Ireland Executive is created.
A Labour landslide results in Tony Blair taking over from John Major as PM.
Rear entrance porch on north elevation which matched current main entrance porch on eastern elevation demollished and replaced by timber, stone and glass conservatory. Dressed stone from porch re-used in details on new double garage built in grounds.
IRA forces bomb the Grand Hotel in Brighton where Margaret Thatcher and her party are having a Conservative Party Conference.
The Falklands War
A long term source of contention for Britain and Argentina, the Argentinians invade the Falkland Islands to decisively annex the area. A task force is sent to re-establish British control, which is resumed, although Argentina still lays claim to the area.
The Conservative Party gain power and Margaret Thatcher becomes Britain’s first female Prime Minister. Her term lasts until 1991, her policies emphasise central government and private enterprise whilst undermining the power of the Trade Unions.
Winter of Discontent
Eight years of unrest and discontent at the declining economy, continuing inflation and rising rates of unemployment result in a number of trade unions striking.
India and Pakistan are independent
India and Pakistan gain independence from the British Empire. They are closely followed by Asia and Africa in an active period of decolonisation.
End of World War Two
Germany’s surrender brings an end to the War. An estimated 62 million had lost their lives.
League of Nations
The newly formed League of Nations meet for the first time.
The Treaty of Versailles
Following Germany’s surrender, she is forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles with the allies following a six month Peace Conference in Paris. The humiliating terms of the Treaty arguably led to the rise of Hitler’s Nazi Party.
Isaac Hazelby (aged 51 ), the son of William and grandson of Thomas, was now the caretaker living in the house with his wife Emma aged 49. Isaac and Emma had 4 children, Emma, Thomas, William and Flora. Thomas was formally village wheelwright living at 1 Riverside Stibbington. All the family were born in Stibbington.
The 2 sons were killed in 1917. Thomas Hazelby, private 25418, 2nd Grenadier Guards died of wounds Somme 29/3/17. Wiilliam Hazelby, private 25419, 2nd Grenadier Guards, killed in action Ypres 31/7/17.
The First World War
After the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Austro Hungarian Empire. The system of European alliances means war is declared. This war saw the introduction of trench warfare, an estimated 750,000 British died. The allied powers (France, Britain and from 1917, USA).
The Housing and Town Planning Act
The campaign for female suffrage is furthered by the foundation of the Women’s Social and Political Union, led by Emaline Pankhurst. Women over the age of thirty were granted the vote in 1918, and those over 21 in 1928.
John Hendon / Thomas Hazelby 1901 census records as living in the head masters element of the property - John William Hendon aged 34 school master, born Southwark, London, Kate Hendon aged 33 born Rochester Kent, Leonard John Hendon aged 8 born Stibbington and Cecil Herbert Hendon aged 7 born Stibbington. In the caretakers residence there was Thomas Hazelby aged 89 living on pension, William Hazelby aged 56 post office messenger, Jane Hazelby aged 50 housekeeper and Mary Hazleby aged 12 grand daughter. All the Hazelbys were born in Stibbington.
Accession of Edward VII
Four years after her diamond jubilee, Queen Victoria dies. Her death is an occasion of national mourning.
Second Boer War
After receiving military equipment from German, the Boers re-armed and fought on the borders of the Cape Colony and Natal. The British army immediately sent reinforcements. The severity of the British actions (including the use of concentration camps in which inmates were subjected to cruel work regimes and fatal diseases spread) in South Africa was strongly opposed by liberal politicians as the extreme of imperialism. The war ended in 1902 with the Treaty of Vereeiging, the two independent republics were lost and absorbed into the British Empire.
Jack the Ripper
Five prostitutes are brutally murdered in the Whitechapel area of London’s east end. The killer, “Jack the Ripper”, have never been definitively identified, and the case resulted in worldwide press coverage and hysteria.
First Boer War
This was a conflict between the British and the Dutch settlers (Boers) in South Africa. After the first Boer war, William Gladstone granted the Boers self-government in the Transvaal region in 1881.
Artisans and Labourers Dwellings Improvement Act
Law past for the reconstruction of insanitary areas. Areas which are unfit for habitation must be destroyed and rebuilt.
Return of Owners Act
Known as the New Doomesday, this survey revealed that less than 7,000 men own four fifths of the land in Britain.
On removing a piece of original Victorian architrave a name in flowing styalised script was on the back in pencil. From this I assume Peter Russell was a carpenter engaged on the original building project.
This act increases the control of the sewer authorities to dispose of waste and is passed simultaneously with the Artizans and Labourers Dwelling Act, which compelled owners to get rid of unsanitary dwellings. This is the first legislation to tackle the growing problem of slums.
First Underground Train
The underground railway running from Paddington to the city of London opens. It becomes known as the sewer.